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Languages 2017, 2(4), 18; doi:10.3390/languages2040018

A View of the CP/DP-(non)parallelism from the Cartographic Perspective

Département de Linguistique, University of Geneva, 2 rue de Candolle, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
Academic Editors: Maria del Carmen Parafita Couto and Usha Lakshmanan
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 16 August 2017 / Accepted: 21 August 2017 / Published: 21 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clausal and Nominal Complements in Monolingual and Bilingual Grammars)
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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to reconsider some aspects of the so-called clause/noun-phrase (non-)parallelism (Abney 1987 and much subsequent work). The question that arises is to find out what is common and what is different between the clause as a Complementizer Phrase (CP)-structure and the noun as a Determiner Phrase (DP)-structure in terms of structure and derivation. An example of structural parallelism lies in the division of the clause and the noun phrase into three domains: (i) the Nachfeld (right periphery), which is the thematic domain; (ii) the Mittelfeld (midfield), which is the inflection, agreement, Case and modification domain and (iii) the Vorfeld (left periphery), which is the discourse- and operator-related domain. However, we will show following Giusti (2002, 2006), Payne (1993), Bruening (2009), Cinque (2011), Laenzlinger (2011, 2015) among others that the inner structure of the Vorfeld and of the Mittelfeld of the clause is not strictly parallel to that of the noun phrase. Although derivational parallelism also lies in the possible types of movement occurring in the CP and DP domains (short head/X-movement, simple XP-movement, remnant XP-movement and pied-piping XP-movement), we will see that there is non-parallelism in the application of these sorts of movement within the clause and the noun phrase. In addition, we will test the respective orders among adverbs/adjectives, DP/Prepositional Phrase (PP)-arguments and DP/PP-adjuncts in the Mittelfeld of the clause/noun phrase and show that Cinque’s (2013) left–right asymmetry holds crosslinguistically for the possible neutral order (without focus effects) in post-verbal/nominal positions with respect to the prenominal/preverbal base order and its impossible reverse order. View Full-Text
Keywords: Generative Grammar; cartography; noun phrase/clause-(non)parallelism; types of movement; left–right asymmetry; head-final vs. head initial languages Generative Grammar; cartography; noun phrase/clause-(non)parallelism; types of movement; left–right asymmetry; head-final vs. head initial languages
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Laenzlinger, C. A View of the CP/DP-(non)parallelism from the Cartographic Perspective. Languages 2017, 2, 18.

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