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Languages 2017, 2(1), 1; doi:10.3390/languages2010001

Mandarin Chinese Verbs as Verbal Items in Uyghur Mixed Verbs

Department of Linguistics, University of Washington, Guggenheim Hall 4th Floor, Box 352425, Seattle, WA 98195-2425, USA
Academic Editors: Usha Lakshmanan and Osmer Balam
Received: 17 November 2016 / Revised: 20 January 2017 / Accepted: 27 January 2017 / Published: 1 March 2017
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Abstract

This paper explores the pattern by which Mandarin Chinese verbs are used in Uyghur-Mandarin code-switching by native Uyghur speakers. In a number of language contact situations with similar verb mixing, foreign verbal items have been argued to be treated as nominal in the host language. However, I argue based on examples from personal communications with Uyghur speakers and my own elicitations that Mandarin verbs are still treated as a verbal category by Uyghur speakers for four reasons: (1) Mandarin verbs project their argument structure in Uyghur; (2) the Mandarin perfective aspectual particle le is uniquely included with a subset of Mandarin verbs; (3) the Uyghur verbalizing marker -la cannot attach to Mandarin verbs; and (4) the Uyghur accusative case marker -ni cannot attach to Mandarin verbs. The paper also discusses why it is not possible for Mandarin verbs to inflect with Uyghur morphology, and proposes a specific constraint on inflecting foreign verbs embedded in rich inflectional languages. The paper also poses the question of whether the availability of multiple light verbs to combine with foreign verbs correlates with the verbal status of foreign verbs in the host language. View Full-Text
Keywords: mixed verbs; light verbs; Uyghur; Mandarin; Chinese; code-switching; syntax; verb borrowing; loan verbs mixed verbs; light verbs; Uyghur; Mandarin; Chinese; code-switching; syntax; verb borrowing; loan verbs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sugar, A. Mandarin Chinese Verbs as Verbal Items in Uyghur Mixed Verbs. Languages 2017, 2, 1.

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