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Aerospace 2014, 1(2), 52-66; doi:10.3390/aerospace1020052

Comparison of Vibrations and Emissions of Conventional Jet Fuel with Stressed 100% SPK and Fully Formulated Synthetic Jet Fuel

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S1 3JD, UK
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Received: 30 January 2014 / Revised: 4 July 2014 / Accepted: 25 July 2014 / Published: 27 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aviation Alternative Fuels and Energies)
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Abstract

The rapid growth of the aviation sector around the globe has witnessed an overwhelming impact on fossil fuel resources. With the implementation of stricter environmental laws over emissions by conventional jet fuels, growing demand for research on alternative fuels has become imperative. One-hundred percent Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (SPK) and Fully Formulated Synthetic Jet Fuel have surfaced as viable alternatives for gas turbine engines due to their similar properties as that of Jet Fuel. This paper presents results from an experimental study performed on a small gas turbine engine, comparing emissions performance and vibrations for conventional Jet A-1 Fuel, thermally stressed 100% SPK and Fully Formulated Synthetic Jet Fuel. Different vibration frequencies, power spectra were observed for different fuels. Gaseous emissions observed were nearly the same, whereas, significant changes in particulates emissions were observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: vibrations; emissions; PM; smoke number; SPK; stressed Jet A-1 fuel vibrations; emissions; PM; smoke number; SPK; stressed Jet A-1 fuel
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Khandelwal, B.; Roy, S.; Lord, C.; Blakey, S. Comparison of Vibrations and Emissions of Conventional Jet Fuel with Stressed 100% SPK and Fully Formulated Synthetic Jet Fuel. Aerospace 2014, 1, 52-66.

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