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Climate 2016, 4(2), 33; doi:10.3390/cli4020033

Biofuel Development Initiatives in Sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and Challenges

Sustainable Energy & Environment Research Unit, School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Wits, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa
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Academic Editor: Yang Zhang
Received: 9 May 2016 / Revised: 10 June 2016 / Accepted: 14 June 2016 / Published: 22 June 2016
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Abstract

In recent years, biofuels have emerged as a suitable alternative to hydrocarbon fuel due to their foreseen potential of being a future energy resource. Biofuel development initiatives have been successfully implemented in countries like Brazil, United States of America, European Union, Canada, Australia, and Japan. However, such programmes have been stagnant in Africa due to various constraints, such as financial barriers, technical expertise, land availability, and government policies. Nonetheless, some countries within the continent have realized the potential of biofuels and have started to introduce similar programmes and initiatives for their development. These include the bioethanol production initiatives and the plantation of jatropha oil seeds in most Sub-Saharan African countries for biodiesel production. Therefore, this paper examines the biofuel development initiatives that have been implemented in several countries across Sub-Saharan Africa over the past few years. It also discusses the opportunities and challenges of having biofuel industries in the continent. Finally, it proposes some recommendations that could be applied to accelerate their development in these Sub-Saharan African countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofuels; feedstocks; Sub-Saharan Africa biofuels; feedstocks; Sub-Saharan Africa
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Sekoai, P.T.; Yoro, K.O. Biofuel Development Initiatives in Sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and Challenges. Climate 2016, 4, 33.

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