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Climate 2016, 4(1), 7; doi:10.3390/cli4010007

Implementing Local Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Actions: The Role of Various Policy Instruments in a Multi-Level Governance Context

1
Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, Umeå 901 87, Sweden
2
Department of Built Environment, Aalto University, P.O. Box 11000, Aalto FI-00076, Finland
3
Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 65, Helsinki FI-00014, Finland
4
Department of Environmental Science–Enviromental Social Science, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej 399, Roskilde 4000, Denmark
5
Department of Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim 7491, Norway
6
Department of Built Environment, Aalto University, P.O. Box 11000, Aalto FI-00076, Finland
7
Unit of Environmental Geology, Geological Survey of Finland, P.O. Box 96, Espoo 02151, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jack Barkenbus
Received: 18 December 2015 / Revised: 19 January 2016 / Accepted: 22 January 2016 / Published: 29 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measuring the Impact of Public-Private Governance for Climate Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [198 KB, uploaded 29 January 2016]

Abstract

Recently, considerable focus, e.g., in the fifth IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) Assessment Report (2014) has been trained on why adaptation and mitigation have not been developed more than at present, with relatively few local government actions taken compared with, for example, more discursive policy agreement on the importance of the issue of climate change. Going beyond a focus on general limits and barriers, this comment suggests that one important issue is that climate change has not yet been sufficiently integrated into the state regulative structure of legislation and policy-making. A comparison between three cases suggests that local developments that are not supported in particular by binding regulation are unlikely to achieve the same general level of implementation as issues for which such regulative demands (and thereby also requirements for prioritization) exist. This constitutes an important consideration for the development of adaptation and mitigation as policy areas, including on the local level. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; adaptation; mitigation; local government; municipality; Finland; Norway; Denmark climate change; adaptation; mitigation; local government; municipality; Finland; Norway; Denmark
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Keskitalo, E.C.H.; Juhola, S.; Baron, N.; Fyhn, H.; Klein, J. Implementing Local Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Actions: The Role of Various Policy Instruments in a Multi-Level Governance Context. Climate 2016, 4, 7.

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