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Climate 2016, 4(1), 3; doi:10.3390/cli4010003

Greenhouse Gas Induced Changes in the Seasonal Cycle of the Amazon Basin in Coupled Climate-Vegetation Regional Model

1
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Av. P. H. Rolfs s/n Campus Universitário, Viçosa, MG 3670-900, Brazil
2
Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1047 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway
3
The University of Texas at Austin Department of Geological Sciences, University Station C1100, Austin, TX 78712, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maoyi Huang
Received: 28 August 2015 / Revised: 11 December 2015 / Accepted: 23 December 2015 / Published: 4 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dynamics of Land-Use/Cover Change under a Changing Climate)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3534 KB, uploaded 5 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

Previous work suggests that changes in seasonality could lead to a 70% reduction in the extent of the Amazon rainforest. The primary cause of the dieback of the rainforest is a lengthening of the dry season due to a weakening of the large-scale tropical circulation. Here we examine these changes in the seasonal cycle. Under present day conditions the Amazon climate is characterized by a zonal separation of the dominance of the annual and semi-annual seasonal cycles. This behavior is strongly modified under greenhouse warming conditions, with the annual cycle becoming dominant throughout the Amazon basin, increasing differences between the dry and wet seasons. In particular, there are substantial changes in the annual cycle of temperature due to the increase in the temperature of the warmest month, but the lengthening of the dry season is believed to be particularly important for vegetation-climate feedbacks. Harmonic analysis performed to regional climate model simulations yields results that differ from the global climate model that it is forced from, with the regional model being more sensitive to changes in the seasonal cycle. View Full-Text
Keywords: Amazon rainforest; harmonic analysis; climate change Amazon rainforest; harmonic analysis; climate change
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Justino, F.; Stordal, F.; Vizy, E.K.; Cook, K.H.; Pereira, M.P.S. Greenhouse Gas Induced Changes in the Seasonal Cycle of the Amazon Basin in Coupled Climate-Vegetation Regional Model. Climate 2016, 4, 3.

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