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Climate 2016, 4(1), 1; doi:10.3390/cli4010001

Perceived Self-Efficacy and Adaptation to Climate Change in Coastal Cambodia

Department of Geography, Western University, London, ON N6A 5C2, Canada
Department of Geography, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL A1B 3X9, Canada
Indian Ocean World Centre (IOWC), Montréal, Quebec, QC H3A 1X9, Canada
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 October 2015 / Revised: 3 December 2015 / Accepted: 14 December 2015 / Published: 24 December 2015
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In response to climate change at different spatial scales, adaptation has become one of the focal points of current research and policy developments. In the context of coastal Cambodia, there is little research on local level adaptation to climate change. Using ordinal logistic and logistic regression analyses, this study examines the relationship between perceived self-efficacy and anticipatory and reactive adaptation to climate change among 1823 households in coastal communities in Cambodia. Findings indicate that individuals who reported higher categories of self-efficacy were more likely to report both anticipatory (OR = 1.74, p < 0.001) and reactive adaptation (OR = 3.61, p < 0.001) measures. Similary, tndividuals who had higher education had higher odds of reporting anticipatory adaptation (OR = 1.71, p < 0.001) and reactive adaptation (OR = 1.63, p < 0.05) when compared with those without formal education. Participants who have been living in their current residence for six years or more were more likely to report anticipatory adaptation (OR = 1.09, p < 0.05) and reactive adapation (OR = 1.22, p < 0.001) compared with those who had lived there for a shorter duration of time. Region of residence was positively associated with both anticipatory and reactive adaptation. In this context, it is important to note that individuals in the most agriculture-dependent and climate sensitive province reported the least anticipatory and reactive adaptation measures. Policy makers should target empowerment of the most vulnerable population to facilitate better adaptation behavior, and mainstreaming of knowledge on climate change adaptation through both formal and informal education at the community level. View Full-Text
Keywords: perceived self-efficacy; anticipatory and reactive adaptation; ordered logistic and logistic regression; policy; coastal Cambodia perceived self-efficacy; anticipatory and reactive adaptation; ordered logistic and logistic regression; policy; coastal Cambodia

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ung, M.; Luginaah, I.; Chuenpagdee, R.; Campbell, G. Perceived Self-Efficacy and Adaptation to Climate Change in Coastal Cambodia. Climate 2016, 4, 1.

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