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Plants 2018, 7(3), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants7030075

Fast Regulation of Hormone Metabolism Contributes to Salt Tolerance in Rice (Oryza sativa spp. Japonica, L.) by Inducing Specific Morpho-Physiological Responses

1
Department of Biology, University of Padova, 35131 Padua, Italy
2
Department of Agronomy, Animals, Natural Resources and Environment-DAFNAE, University of Padova, 35020 Legnaro (Padova), Italy
3
Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padova, Viale G.Colombo 3, 35121 Padova, Italy
4
Laboratory of Growth Regulators, Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Institute of Experimental Botany AS CR & Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Šlechtitelů 27, CZ-78371 Olomouc, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 August 2018 / Revised: 10 September 2018 / Accepted: 13 September 2018 / Published: 15 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Salt and Water Stress Tolerance in Plants)
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Abstract

Clear evidence has highlighted a role for hormones in the plant stress response, including salt stress. Interplay and cross-talk among different hormonal pathways are of vital importance in abiotic stress tolerance. A genome-wide transcriptional analysis was performed on leaves and roots of three-day salt treated and untreated plants of two Italian rice varieties, Baldo and Vialone Nano, which differ in salt sensitivity. Genes correlated with hormonal pathways were identified and analyzed. The contents of abscisic acid, indoleacetic acid, cytokinins, and gibberellins were measured in roots, stems, and leaves of seedlings exposed for one and three days to salt stress. From the transcriptomic analysis, a huge number of genes emerged as being involved in hormone regulation in response to salt stress. The expression profile of genes involved in biosynthesis, signaling, response, catabolism, and conjugation of phytohormones was analyzed and integrated with the measurements of hormones in roots, stems, and leaves of seedlings. Significant changes in the hormone levels, along with differences in morphological responses, emerged between the two varieties. These results support the faster regulation of hormones metabolism in the tolerant variety that allows a prompt growth reprogramming and the setting up of an acclimation program, leading to specific morpho-physiological responses and growth recovery. View Full-Text
Keywords: Oryza sativa; salt stress; phytohormones; phenotypic plasticity; RNA sequencing Oryza sativa; salt stress; phytohormones; phenotypic plasticity; RNA sequencing
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Formentin, E.; Barizza, E.; Stevanato, P.; Falda, M.; Massa, F.; Tarkowskà, D.; Novák, O.; Lo Schiavo, F. Fast Regulation of Hormone Metabolism Contributes to Salt Tolerance in Rice (Oryza sativa spp. Japonica, L.) by Inducing Specific Morpho-Physiological Responses. Plants 2018, 7, 75.

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