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Plants 2017, 6(3), 35; doi:10.3390/plants6030035

Effect of Different Silicon Sources on Yield and Silicon Uptake of Rice Grown under Varying Phosphorus Rates

1
School of Plant, Environmental, and Soil Sciences, Louisiana State University AgCenter, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
2
CAPES Foundation—Ministry of Education of Brazil, Brasilia 70040-031, Brazil
3
Department of Plant Pathology & Crop Physiology, Louisiana State University AgCenter, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2017 / Revised: 24 August 2017 / Accepted: 26 August 2017 / Published: 29 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Practical Use of Si to Influence Plant Production)
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Abstract

A series of pot experiments were conducted to: (1) evaluate the effects of different Si sources (soil- and foliar-applied) on grain yield and Si accumulation of rice supplied with varying P rates, and (2) evaluate Si absorption of rice using foliar- and soil-applied Si fertilizers. Three P rates, (0, 112, and 224 kg ha−1) combined with five Si treatments (wollastonite and slag applied at 4.5 ton ha−1 and one foliar Si solution applied at 20, 40 and 80 mg Si L−1) and a check were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications. The presence of P and Si in the soil created a synergistic effect on soil Al, Mn, and As (P < 0.01), but not on rice growth and P uptake. Wollastonite and slag application were most effective in raising rice Si content than foliar applied Si (P < 0.001). While there was an improvement in biomass (42%) and tiller production (25%) for rice receiving foliar Si, no supporting evidence was obtained in these experiments to verify leaf surface Si absorption. The application of Si-rich materials to soil still remains the most effective method for enhancing Si uptake by plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: foliar Si solution; Si deposition; Si uptake; silicon; phosphorus; arsenic; rice; yield foliar Si solution; Si deposition; Si uptake; silicon; phosphorus; arsenic; rice; yield
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Agostinho, F.B.; Tubana, B.S.; Martins, M.S.; Datnoff, L.E. Effect of Different Silicon Sources on Yield and Silicon Uptake of Rice Grown under Varying Phosphorus Rates. Plants 2017, 6, 35.

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