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Plants 2017, 6(3), 25; doi:10.3390/plants6030025

Occurrence and Biosynthesis of Alkyl Hydroxycinnamates in Plant Lipid Barriers

1
Laboratoire de Biogenèse Membranaire, UMR5200 CNRS/Université de Bordeaux, 33140 Villenave d’Ornon, France
2
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 May 2017 / Revised: 19 June 2017 / Accepted: 23 June 2017 / Published: 30 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Plant Cuticle)
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Abstract

The plant lipid barriers cuticle and suberin represent one of the largest biological interfaces on the planet. They are comprised of an insoluble polymeric domain with associated organic solvent-soluble waxes. Suberin-associated and plant cuticular waxes contain mixtures of aliphatic components that may include alkyl hydroxycinnamates (AHCs). The canonical alkyl hydroxycinnamates are comprised of phenylpropanoids, typically coumaric, ferulic, or caffeic acids, esterified with long chain to very long chain fatty alcohols. However, many related structures are also present in the plant kingdom. Although their functions remain elusive, much progress has been made on understanding the distribution, biosynthesis, and deposition of AHCs. Herein a summary of the current state of knowledge on plant AHCs is provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: alkyl hydroxycinnamate; suberin; plant cuticle; HXXXD-motif/BAHD acyltransferase; fatty acyl reductase alkyl hydroxycinnamate; suberin; plant cuticle; HXXXD-motif/BAHD acyltransferase; fatty acyl reductase
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Domergue, F.; Kosma, D.K. Occurrence and Biosynthesis of Alkyl Hydroxycinnamates in Plant Lipid Barriers. Plants 2017, 6, 25.

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