Hormonal Control of Lateral Root and Nodule Development in Legumes
AbstractMany plants can establish symbioses with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, some of which lead to nodulation, including legumes. Indeed, in the rhizobium/legume symbiosis, new root organs, called nodules, are formed by the plant in order to host the rhizobia in protective conditions, optimized for nitrogen fixation. In this way, these plants can benefit from the reduction of atmospheric dinitrogen into ammonia by the hosted bacteria, and in exchange the plant provides the rhizobia with a carbon source. Since this symbiosis is costly for the plant it is highly regulated. Both legume nodule and lateral root organogenesis involve divisions of the root inner tissues, and both developmental programs are tightly controlled by plant hormones. In fact, most of the major plant hormones, such as auxin, cytokinins, abscisic acid, and strigolactones, control both lateral root formation and nodule organogenesis, but often in an opposite manner. This suggests that the sensitivity of legume plants to some phytohormones could be linked to the antagonism that exists between the processes of nodulation and lateral root formation. Here, we will review the implication of some major phytohormones in lateral root formation in legumes, compare them with their roles in nodulation, and discuss specificities and divergences from non-legume eudicot plants such as Arabidopsis thaliana. View Full-Text
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Bensmihen, S. Hormonal Control of Lateral Root and Nodule Development in Legumes. Plants 2015, 4, 523-547.
Bensmihen S. Hormonal Control of Lateral Root and Nodule Development in Legumes. Plants. 2015; 4(3):523-547.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bensmihen, Sandra. 2015. "Hormonal Control of Lateral Root and Nodule Development in Legumes." Plants 4, no. 3: 523-547.