Determining the Composition of Lignins in Different Tissues of Silver Birch
AbstractQuantitative and qualitative lignin analyses were carried out on material from the trunks of silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) trees. Two types of material were analyzed. First, whole birch trunk pieces were cryosectioned into cork cambium, non-conductive phloem, the cambial zone (conductive phloem, cambium and differentiating xylem), lignified xylem and the previous year’s xylem; material that would show differences in lignin amount and quality. Second, clonal material from one natural birch population was analyzed to show variations between individuals and between the lignin analysis methods. The different tissues showed marked differences in lignin amount and the syringyl:guaiacyl (S/G) ratio. In the non-conductive phloem tissue containing sclereids, the S/G ratio was very low, and typical for phloem fibers and in the newly-formed xylem, as well as in the previous year’s xylem, the ratio lay between five and seven, typical for broadleaf tree xylem. Clonal material consisting of 88 stems was used to calculate the S/G ratios from the thioacidolysis and CuO methods, which correlated positively with an R2 value of 0.43. Comparisons of the methods indicate clearly that the CuO method is a good alternative to study the monomeric composition and S/G ratio of wood lignins. View Full-Text
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Fagerstedt, K.V.; Saranpää, P.; Tapanila, T.; Immanen, J.; Serra, J.A.A.; Nieminen, K. Determining the Composition of Lignins in Different Tissues of Silver Birch. Plants 2015, 4, 183-195.
Fagerstedt KV, Saranpää P, Tapanila T, Immanen J, Serra JAA, Nieminen K. Determining the Composition of Lignins in Different Tissues of Silver Birch. Plants. 2015; 4(2):183-195.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fagerstedt, Kurt V.; Saranpää, Pekka; Tapanila, Tarja; Immanen, Juha; Serra, Juan A.A.; Nieminen, Kaisa. 2015. "Determining the Composition of Lignins in Different Tissues of Silver Birch." Plants 4, no. 2: 183-195.