Quantification of (1→4)-β-d-Galactans in Compression Wood Using an Immuno-Dot Assay
AbstractCompression wood is a type of reaction wood formed on the underside of softwood stems when they are tilted from the vertical and on the underside of branches. Its quantification is still a matter of some scientific debate. We developed a new technique that has the potential to do this based on the higher proportions of (1→4)-β-d-galactans that occur in tracheid cell walls of compression wood. Wood was milled, partially delignified, and the non-cellulosic polysaccharides, including the (1→4)-β-d-galactans, extracted with 6 M sodium hydroxide. After neutralizing, the solution was serially diluted, and the (1→4)-β-d-galactans determined by an immuno-dot assay using the monoclonal antibody LM5, which specifically recognizes this polysaccharide. Spots were quantified using a dilution series of a commercially available (1→4)-β-d-galactan from lupin seeds. Using this method, compression and opposite woods from radiata pine (Pinus radiata) were easily distinguished based on the amounts of (1→4)-β-d-galactans extracted. The non-cellulosic polysaccharides in the milled wood samples were also hydrolysed using 2 M trifluoroacetic acid followed by the separation and quantification of the released neutral monosaccharides by high performance anion exchange chromatography. This confirmed that the compression woods contained higher proportions of galactose-containing polysaccharides than the opposite woods. View Full-Text
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Chavan, R.R.; Fahey, L.M.; Harris, P.J. Quantification of (1→4)-β-d-Galactans in Compression Wood Using an Immuno-Dot Assay. Plants 2015, 4, 29-43.
Chavan RR, Fahey LM, Harris PJ. Quantification of (1→4)-β-d-Galactans in Compression Wood Using an Immuno-Dot Assay. Plants. 2015; 4(1):29-43.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chavan, Ramesh R.; Fahey, Leona M.; Harris, Philip J. 2015. "Quantification of (1→4)-β-d-Galactans in Compression Wood Using an Immuno-Dot Assay." Plants 4, no. 1: 29-43.