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Plants 2012, 1(1), 6-15; doi:10.3390/plants1010006

Seasonal Variation of Cistus ladanifer L. Diterpenes

Department of Plant Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Extremadura, 06080 Badajoz, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 June 2012 / Revised: 3 July 2012 / Accepted: 11 July 2012 / Published: 26 July 2012
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The exudate of Cistus ladanifer L. consists mainly of two families of secondary metabolites: flavonoids and diterpenes. The amount of flavonoids present in the leaves has a marked seasonal variation, being maximum in summer and minimum in winter. In the present study, we demonstrate that the amount of diterpenes varies seasonally, but with a different pattern: maximum concentration in winter and minimum in spring-summer. The experiments under controlled conditions have shown that temperature influences diterpene production, and in particular, low temperatures. Given this pattern, the functions that these compounds perform in C. ladanifer are probably different.
Keywords: Cistus ladanifer L.; secondary metabolism; diterpenes; temperature; water stress Cistus ladanifer L.; secondary metabolism; diterpenes; temperature; water stress

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Alías, J.C.; Sosa, T.; Valares, C.; Escudero, J.C.; Chaves, N. Seasonal Variation of Cistus ladanifer L. Diterpenes. Plants 2012, 1, 6-15.

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