The Biology of SUMO-Targeted Ubiquitin Ligases in Drosophila Development, Immunity, and Cancer
AbstractThe ubiquitin and SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier) pathways modify proteins that in turn regulate diverse cellular processes, embryonic development, and adult tissue physiology. These pathways were originally discovered biochemically in vitro, leading to a long-standing challenge of elucidating both the molecular cross-talk between these pathways and their biological importance. Recent discoveries in Drosophila established that ubiquitin and SUMO pathways are interconnected via evolutionally conserved SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligase (STUbL) proteins. STUbL are RING ubiquitin ligases that recognize SUMOylated substrates and catalyze their ubiquitination, and include Degringolade (Dgrn) in Drosophila and RNF4 and RNF111 in humans. STUbL are essential for early development of both the fly and mouse embryos. In the fly embryo, Dgrn regulates early cell cycle progression, sex determination, zygotic gene transcription, segmentation, and neurogenesis, among other processes. In the fly adult, Dgrn is required for systemic immune response to pathogens and intestinal stem cell regeneration upon infection. These functions of Dgrn are highly conserved in humans, where RNF4-dependent ubiquitination potentiates key oncoproteins, thereby accelerating tumorigenesis. Here, we review the lessons learned to date in Drosophila and highlight their relevance to cancer biology. View Full-Text
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Abed, M.; Bitman-Lotan, E.; Orian, A. The Biology of SUMO-Targeted Ubiquitin Ligases in Drosophila Development, Immunity, and Cancer. J. Dev. Biol. 2018, 6, 2.
Abed M, Bitman-Lotan E, Orian A. The Biology of SUMO-Targeted Ubiquitin Ligases in Drosophila Development, Immunity, and Cancer. Journal of Developmental Biology. 2018; 6(1):2.Chicago/Turabian Style
Abed, Mona; Bitman-Lotan, Eliya; Orian, Amir. 2018. "The Biology of SUMO-Targeted Ubiquitin Ligases in Drosophila Development, Immunity, and Cancer." J. Dev. Biol. 6, no. 1: 2.
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