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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(3), 124; doi:10.3390/ijgi7030124

Factors Affecting the Number of Visitors in National Parks in the Czech Republic, Germany and Austria

Faculty of Informatics and Management, University of Hradec Králové, Rokitanského 62, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
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Received: 22 January 2018 / Revised: 12 February 2018 / Accepted: 13 March 2018 / Published: 19 March 2018
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Abstract

In the context of national-level strategies, the importance of tourism in national parks is on the rise. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between the number of visitors to national parks and five variables: area, number of employees, budget, average employee salary and number of researchers in 12 national parks in the Czech Republic, Germany and Austria. Analysis of factors influencing the number of visitors to national parks uses the method of retrospective analysis of the data contained in internal documents and questionnaires among managers of national parks. The number of candidate predictors is relatively high when compared with the number of observations. Due to this fact, the Gilmour method for statistical analysis is used. Statistical results represented by the parameter β2 for number of employees is −33,016 (95% CI, −50,592–−15,441) and by the parameter β3 for budget is 0.586 (95% CI, 0.295–0.878), showing that the number of visitors increases with budget, while it decreases with the number of employees. The results of this study are a useful starting point for managers in their efforts to focus on developing key areas in an appropriate way. In conclusion, results show that increasing the economic benefits accruing from national parks regional policy could aim at a qualitative upgrading of tourist services, increased marketing of the unique national park label and the promotion of a diverse regional supply base. View Full-Text
Keywords: national parks; analysis of determinants; visitors; Czech Republic; Germany; Austria national parks; analysis of determinants; visitors; Czech Republic; Germany; Austria
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Stemberk, J.; Dolejs, J.; Maresova, P.; Kuca, K. Factors Affecting the Number of Visitors in National Parks in the Czech Republic, Germany and Austria. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 124.

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