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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(2), 68; doi:10.3390/ijgi7020068

Integrated Participatory and Collaborative Risk Mapping for Enhancing Disaster Resilience

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Schlossplatz 1, 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Practical Action Consulting (PAC) Nepal, Narayan Gopal Sadak, PaniPokhari, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
Kathmandu Living Labs (KLL), 1474 Lamtangin Marg, Chundevi, Kathmandu 44616, Nepal
Center for Social Development and Research (CSDR), Rajapur, Bardiya 21800, Nepal
Practical Action Consulting (PAC), The Schumacher Centre, Bourton on Dunsmore, Rugby, Warwickshire CV23 9QZ, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 November 2017 / Revised: 22 January 2018 / Accepted: 17 February 2018 / Published: 21 February 2018
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Critical knowledge gaps seriously hinder efforts for building disaster resilience at all levels, especially in disaster-prone least developed countries. Information deficiency is most serious at local levels, especially in terms of spatial information on risk, resources, and capacities of communities. To tackle this challenge, we develop a general methodological approach that integrates community-based participatory mapping processes, one that has been widely used by governments and non-government organizations in the fields of natural resources management, disaster risk reduction and rural development, with emerging collaborative digital mapping techniques. We demonstrate the value and potential of this integrated participatory and collaborative mapping approach by conducting a pilot study in the flood-prone lower Karnali river basin in Western Nepal. The process engaged a wide range of stakeholders and non-stakeholder citizens to co-produce locally relevant geographic information on resources, capacities, and flood risks of selected communities. The new digital community maps are richer in content, more accurate, and easier to update and share than those produced by conventional Vulnerability and Capacity Assessments (VCAs), a variant of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), that is widely used by various government and non-government organizations. We discuss how this integrated mapping approach may provide an effective link between coordinating and implementing local disaster risk reduction and resilience building interventions to designing and informing regional development plans, as well as its limitations in terms of technological barrier, map ownership, and empowerment potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: collaborative mapping; co-production; disaster resilience; flood risk; Nepal; OpenStreetMap; participatory mapping; vulnerability and capacity assessment (VCA) collaborative mapping; co-production; disaster resilience; flood risk; Nepal; OpenStreetMap; participatory mapping; vulnerability and capacity assessment (VCA)

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, W.; Dugar, S.; McCallum, I.; Thapa, G.; See, L.; Khadka, P.; Budhathoki, N.; Brown, S.; Mechler, R.; Fritz, S.; Shakya, P. Integrated Participatory and Collaborative Risk Mapping for Enhancing Disaster Resilience. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 68.

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