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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(7), 214; doi:10.3390/ijgi6070214

Three-Dimensional Modeling and Indoor Positioning for Urban Emergency Response

1
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 818 South Beijing Road, Urumqi 830011, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jianming Liang, Jianhua Gong, Yu Liu and Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 13 April 2017 / Revised: 6 July 2017 / Accepted: 8 July 2017 / Published: 12 July 2017
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Abstract

Three-dimensional modeling of building environments and indoor positioning is essential for emergency response in cities. Traditional ground-based measurement methods, such as geodetic astronomy, total stations, and global positioning system (GPS) receivers, cannot meet the demand for high precision positioning and it is therefore essential to conduct multiple-angle data-acquisition and establish three-dimensional spatial models. In this paper, a rapid modeling technology is introduced, which includes multiple-angle remote sensing image acquisition based on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), an algorithm to remove linear and planar foregrounds before reconstructing the backgrounds, and a three-dimensional modeling (3DM) framework. Additionally, an indoor 3DM technology is introduced based on building design drawings, and an indoor positioning technology is developed using iBeacon technology. Finally, a prototype system of the indoor and outdoor positioning-service system in an urban firefighting rescue scenario is introduced to demonstrate the value of the method proposed in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: three-dimensional modeling; iBeacon; emergency response; indoor positioning three-dimensional modeling; iBeacon; emergency response; indoor positioning
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Zhang, X.; Chen, Y.; Yu, L.; Wang, W.; Wu, Q. Three-Dimensional Modeling and Indoor Positioning for Urban Emergency Response. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 214.

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