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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(4), 114; doi:10.3390/ijgi6040114

A Spatio-Temporal Building Exposure Database and Information Life-Cycle Management Solution

1
Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Centre for Early Warning Systems, Telegrafenberg, Potsdam D-14473, Germany
2
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 30 January 2017 / Revised: 28 March 2017 / Accepted: 5 April 2017 / Published: 8 April 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2079 KB, uploaded 8 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

With an ever-increasing volume and complexity of data collected from a variety of sources, the efficient management of geospatial information becomes a key topic in disaster risk management. For example, the representation of assets exposed to natural disasters is subjected to changes throughout the different phases of risk management reaching from pre-disaster mitigation to the response after an event and the long-term recovery of affected assets. Spatio-temporal changes need to be integrated into a sound conceptual and technological framework able to deal with data coming from different sources, at varying scales, and changing in space and time. Especially managing the information life-cycle, the integration of heterogeneous information and the distributed versioning and release of geospatial information are important topics that need to become essential parts of modern exposure modelling solutions. The main purpose of this study is to provide a conceptual and technological framework to tackle the requirements implied by disaster risk management for describing exposed assets in space and time. An information life-cycle management solution is proposed, based on a relational spatio-temporal database model coupled with Git and GeoGig repositories for distributed versioning. Two application scenarios focusing on the modelling of residential building stocks are presented to show the capabilities of the implemented solution. A prototype database model is shared on GitHub along with the necessary scenario data. View Full-Text
Keywords: database; life-cycle management; exposure; disaster risk management database; life-cycle management; exposure; disaster risk management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wieland, M.; Pittore, M. A Spatio-Temporal Building Exposure Database and Information Life-Cycle Management Solution. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 114.

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