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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(1), 15; doi:10.3390/ijgi6010015

How They Move Reveals What Is Happening: Understanding the Dynamics of Big Events from Human Mobility Pattern

Geoinformatics Group, University of Augsburg, Alter Postweg 118, 86159 Augsburg, Germany
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Academic Editors: Bin Jiang, Constantinos Antoniou and Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 1 October 2016 / Revised: 20 December 2016 / Accepted: 5 January 2017 / Published: 12 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geospatial Big Data and Transport)
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Abstract

The context in which a moving object moves contributes to the movement pattern observed. Likewise, the movement pattern reflects the properties of the movement context. In particular, big events influence human mobility depending on the dynamics of the events. However, this influence has not been explored to understand big events. In this paper, we propose a methodology for learning about big events from human mobility pattern. The methodology involves extracting and analysing the stopping, approaching, and moving-away interactions between public transportation vehicles and the geographic context. The analysis is carried out at two different temporal granularity levels to discover global and local patterns. The results of evaluating this methodology on bus trajectories demonstrate that it can discover occurrences of big events from mobility patterns, roughly estimate the event start and end time, and reveal the temporal patterns of arrival and departure of event attendees. This knowledge can be usefully applied in transportation and event planning and management. View Full-Text
Keywords: mobility data; geographic context; big events; spatiotemporal analysis mobility data; geographic context; big events; spatiotemporal analysis
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Mazimpaka, J.D.; Timpf, S. How They Move Reveals What Is Happening: Understanding the Dynamics of Big Events from Human Mobility Pattern. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 15.

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