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The Semantics of Web Services: An Examination in GIScience Applications
Department of Geosciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Received: 20 July 2013; in revised form: 19 August 2013 / Accepted: 11 September 2013 / Published: 23 September 2013
Abstract: Web service is a technological solution for software interoperability that supports the seamless integration of diverse applications. In the vision of web service architecture, web services are described by the Web Service Description Language (WSDL), discovered through Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI) and communicate by the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). Such a divination has never been fully accomplished yet. Although it was criticized that WSDL only has a syntactic definition of web services, but was not semantic, prior initiatives in semantic web services did not establish a correct methodology to resolve the problem. This paper examines the distinction and relationship between the syntactic and semantic definitions for web services that characterize different purposes in service computation. Further, this paper proposes that the semantics of web service are neutral and independent from the service interface definition, data types and platform. Such a conclusion can be a universal law in software engineering and service computing. Several use cases in the GIScience application are examined in this paper, while the formalization of geospatial services needs to be constructed by the GIScience community towards a comprehensive ontology of the conceptual definitions and relationships for geospatial computation. Advancements in semantic web services research will happen in domain science applications.
Keywords: semantic; web services; GIScience
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MDPI and ACS Style
Shi, X. The Semantics of Web Services: An Examination in GIScience Applications. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2013, 2, 888-907.
Shi X. The Semantics of Web Services: An Examination in GIScience Applications. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2013; 2(3):888-907.
Shi, Xuan. 2013. "The Semantics of Web Services: An Examination in GIScience Applications." ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2, no. 3: 888-907.