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Robotics 2016, 5(2), 11; doi:10.3390/robotics5020011

State of the Art Robotic Grippers and Applications

School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 1Y4, Canada
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Academic Editor: Huosheng Hu
Received: 12 March 2016 / Revised: 24 May 2016 / Accepted: 31 May 2016 / Published: 17 June 2016
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Abstract

In this paper, we present a recent survey on robotic grippers. In many cases, modern grippers outperform their older counterparts which are now stronger, more repeatable, and faster. Technological advancements have also attributed to the development of gripping various objects. This includes soft fabrics, microelectromechanical systems, and synthetic sheets. In addition, newer materials are being used to improve functionality of grippers, which include piezoelectric, shape memory alloys, smart fluids, carbon fiber, and many more. This paper covers the very first robotic gripper to the newest developments in grasping methods. Unlike other survey papers, we focus on the applications of robotic grippers in industrial, medical, for fragile objects and soft fabrics grippers. We report on new advancements on grasping mechanisms and discuss their behavior for different purposes. Finally, we present the future trends of grippers in terms of flexibility and performance and their vital applications in emerging areas of robotic surgery, industrial assembly, space exploration, and micromanipulation. These advancements will provide a future outlook on the new trends in robotic grippers. View Full-Text
Keywords: robotic grippers; grasping; end effector; micromanipulators; robots robotic grippers; grasping; end effector; micromanipulators; robots
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tai, K.; El-Sayed, A.-R.; Shahriari, M.; Biglarbegian, M.; Mahmud, S. State of the Art Robotic Grippers and Applications. Robotics 2016, 5, 11.

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