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Robotics 2014, 3(3), 310-329; doi:10.3390/robotics3030310
Review

A Review of Camera Viewpoint Automation in Robotic and Laparoscopic Surgery

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Received: 1 May 2014 / Revised: 18 July 2014 / Accepted: 19 July 2014 / Published: 14 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medical Robotics and Systems)
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Abstract

Complex teleoperative tasks, such as surgery, generally require human control. However, teleoperating a robot using indirect visual information poses many technical challenges because the user is expected to control the movement(s) of the camera(s) in addition to the robot’s arms and other elements. For humans, camera positioning is difficult, error-prone, and a drain on the user’s available resources and attention. This paper reviews the state of the art of autonomous camera control with a focus on surgical applications. We also propose potential avenues of research in this field that will support the transition from direct slaved control to truly autonomous robotic camera systems.
Keywords: robotic surgery; laparoscopic surgery; autonomous camera control; teleoperation; path planning robotic surgery; laparoscopic surgery; autonomous camera control; teleoperation; path planning
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Pandya, A.; Reisner, L.A.; King, B.; Lucas, N.; Composto, A.; Klein, M.; Ellis, R.D. A Review of Camera Viewpoint Automation in Robotic and Laparoscopic Surgery. Robotics 2014, 3, 310-329.

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