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Robotics 2012, 1(1), 3-23; doi:10.3390/robotics1010003
Review

A Review of Active Mechanical Driving Principles of Spherical Robots

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Received: 10 October 2012; in revised form: 2 November 2012 / Accepted: 16 November 2012 / Published: 22 November 2012
Abstract: Spherical robotics is an emerging research field due to a ball’s characteristic to be holonomic, have a sealed internal environment, and rebound from collisions easily. As the research moves forward, individual groups have begun to develop unique methods of propulsion, each having distinctive engineering trade-offs: weight is sacrificed for power; speed is forfeited for control accuracy, etc. Early spherical robots operated similar to a hamster ball and had a limited torque and a high-energy loss due to internal friction. Researchers have begun to develop various novel concepts to maneuver and control this family of robot. This article is an overview of the current research directions that various groups have taken, the nomenclature used in this subdiscipline, and the various uses of the fundamental principles of physics for propelling a spherical robot.
Keywords: spherical robots; holonomy; holonomic robots; control moment gyroscope spherical robots; holonomy; holonomic robots; control moment gyroscope
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chase, R.; Pandya, A. A Review of Active Mechanical Driving Principles of Spherical Robots. Robotics 2012, 1, 3-23.

AMA Style

Chase R, Pandya A. A Review of Active Mechanical Driving Principles of Spherical Robots. Robotics. 2012; 1(1):3-23.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chase, Richard; Pandya, Abhilash. 2012. "A Review of Active Mechanical Driving Principles of Spherical Robots." Robotics 1, no. 1: 3-23.


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