The Many Faces of Amphipathic Helices
AbstractAmphipathic helices (AHs), a secondary feature found in many proteins, are defined by their structure and by the segregation of hydrophobic and polar residues between two faces of the helix. This segregation allows AHs to adsorb at polar–apolar interfaces such as the lipid surfaces of cellular organelles. Using various examples, we discuss here how variations within this general scheme impart membrane-interacting AHs with different interfacial properties. Among the key parameters are: (i) the size of hydrophobic residues and their density per helical turn; (ii) the nature, the charge, and the distribution of polar residues; and (iii) the length of the AH. Depending on how these parameters are tuned, AHs can deform lipid bilayers, sense membrane curvature, recognize specific lipids, coat lipid droplets, or protect membranes from stress. Via these diverse mechanisms, AHs play important roles in many cellular processes. View Full-Text
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Giménez-Andrés, M.; Čopič, A.; Antonny, B. The Many Faces of Amphipathic Helices. Biomolecules 2018, 8, 45.
Giménez-Andrés M, Čopič A, Antonny B. The Many Faces of Amphipathic Helices. Biomolecules. 2018; 8(3):45.Chicago/Turabian Style
Giménez-Andrés, Manuel; Čopič, Alenka; Antonny, Bruno. 2018. "The Many Faces of Amphipathic Helices." Biomolecules 8, no. 3: 45.
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