Friends Turned Foes: Angiogenic Growth Factors beyond Angiogenesis
AbstractAngiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones is a biological process that ensures an adequate blood flow is maintained to provide the cells with a sufficient supply of nutrients and oxygen within the body. Numerous soluble growth factors and inhibitors, cytokines, proteases as well as extracellular matrix proteins and adhesion molecules stringently regulate the multi-factorial process of angiogenesis. The properties and interactions of key angiogenic molecules such as vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs), fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and angiopoietins have been investigated in great detail with respect to their molecular impact on angiogenesis. Since the discovery of angiogenic growth factors, much research has been focused on their biological actions and their potential use as therapeutic targets for angiogenic or anti-angiogenic strategies in a context-dependent manner depending on the pathologies. It is generally accepted that these factors play an indispensable role in angiogenesis. However, it is becoming increasingly evident that this is not their only role and it is likely that the angiogenic factors have important functions in a wider range of biological and pathological processes. The additional roles played by these molecules in numerous pathologies and biological processes beyond angiogenesis are discussed in this review. View Full-Text
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Matkar, P.N.; Ariyagunarajah, R.; Leong-Poi, H.; Singh, K.K. Friends Turned Foes: Angiogenic Growth Factors beyond Angiogenesis. Biomolecules 2017, 7, 74.
Matkar PN, Ariyagunarajah R, Leong-Poi H, Singh KK. Friends Turned Foes: Angiogenic Growth Factors beyond Angiogenesis. Biomolecules. 2017; 7(4):74.Chicago/Turabian Style
Matkar, Pratiek N.; Ariyagunarajah, Ramya; Leong-Poi, Howard; Singh, Krishna K. 2017. "Friends Turned Foes: Angiogenic Growth Factors beyond Angiogenesis." Biomolecules 7, no. 4: 74.
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