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Biomolecules 2011, 1(1), 32-47; doi:10.3390/biom1010032
Article

Ursolic Acid Inhibits Na+/K+-ATPase Activity and Prevents TNF-α-Induced Gene Expression by Blocking Amino Acid Transport and Cellular Protein Synthesis

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Received: 20 August 2011; in revised form: 26 October 2011 / Accepted: 27 October 2011 / Published: 7 November 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
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Abstract: Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, induce the expression of a wide variety of genes, including intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Ursolic acid (3β-hydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid) was identified to inhibit the cell-surface ICAM-1 expression induced by pro-inflammatory cytokines in human lung carcinoma A549 cells. Ursolic acid was found to inhibit the TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 protein expression almost completely, whereas the TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 mRNA expression and NF-κB signaling pathway were decreased only partially by ursolic acid. In line with these findings, ursolic acid prevented cellular protein synthesis as well as amino acid uptake, but did not obviously affect nucleoside uptake and the subsequent DNA/RNA syntheses. This inhibitory profile of ursolic acid was similar to that of the Na+/K+-ATPase inhibitor, ouabain, but not the translation inhibitor, cycloheximide. Consistent with this notion, ursolic acid was found to inhibit the catalytic activity of Na+/K+-ATPase. Thus, our present study reveals a novel molecular mechanism in which ursolic acid inhibits Na+/K+-ATPase activity and prevents the TNF-α-induced gene expression by blocking amino acid transport and cellular protein synthesis.
Keywords: amino acid transports; intercellular adhesion molecule-1; Na+/K+-ATPase; nuclear factor-κB; protein synthesis; ursolic acid; tumor necrosis factor-α amino acid transports; intercellular adhesion molecule-1; Na+/K+-ATPase; nuclear factor-κB; protein synthesis; ursolic acid; tumor necrosis factor-α
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yokomichi, T.; Morimoto, K.; Oshima, N.; Yamada, Y.; Fu, L.; Taketani, S.; Ando, M.; Kataoka, T. Ursolic Acid Inhibits Na+/K+-ATPase Activity and Prevents TNF-α-Induced Gene Expression by Blocking Amino Acid Transport and Cellular Protein Synthesis. Biomolecules 2011, 1, 32-47.

AMA Style

Yokomichi T, Morimoto K, Oshima N, Yamada Y, Fu L, Taketani S, Ando M, Kataoka T. Ursolic Acid Inhibits Na+/K+-ATPase Activity and Prevents TNF-α-Induced Gene Expression by Blocking Amino Acid Transport and Cellular Protein Synthesis. Biomolecules. 2011; 1(1):32-47.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yokomichi, Tomonobu; Morimoto, Kyoko; Oshima, Nana; Yamada, Yuriko; Fu, Liwei; Taketani, Shigeru; Ando, Masayoshi; Kataoka, Takao. 2011. "Ursolic Acid Inhibits Na+/K+-ATPase Activity and Prevents TNF-α-Induced Gene Expression by Blocking Amino Acid Transport and Cellular Protein Synthesis." Biomolecules 1, no. 1: 32-47.


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