Next Article in Journal
Convexity and the Euclidean Metric of Space-Time
Next Article in Special Issue
Initial Energy Density of √s = 7 and 8 TeV p–p Collisions at the LHC
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Quark Deconfinement in Rotating Neutron Stars
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Universe 2017, 3(1), 7; doi:10.3390/universe3010007

Phenomenological Review on Quark–Gluon Plasma: Concepts vs. Observations

1
Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, SE-223 62 Lund, Sweden
2
Nuclear Physics Institute ASCR, 250 68 Řez/Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 9 January 2017 / Published: 27 January 2017

Abstract

In this review, we present an up-to-date phenomenological summary of research developments in the physics of the Quark–Gluon Plasma (QGP). A short historical perspective and theoretical motivation for this rapidly developing field of contemporary particle physics is provided. In addition, we introduce and discuss the role of the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) ground state, non-perturbative and lattice QCD results on the QGP properties, as well as the transport models used to make a connection between theory and experiment. The experimental part presents the selected results on bulk observables, hard and penetrating probes obtained in the ultra-relativistic heavy-ion experiments carried out at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (BNL RHIC) and CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) and Large Hadron Collider (LHC) accelerators. We also give a brief overview of new developments related to the ongoing searches of the QCD critical point and to the collectivity in small (p + p and p + A) systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: extreme states of matter; heavy ion collisions; QCD critical point; quark–gluon plasma; saturation phenomena; QCD vacuum extreme states of matter; heavy ion collisions; QCD critical point; quark–gluon plasma; saturation phenomena; QCD vacuum
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Pasechnik, R.; Šumbera, M. Phenomenological Review on Quark–Gluon Plasma: Concepts vs. Observations. Universe 2017, 3, 7.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Universe EISSN 2218-1997 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top