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Universe 2017, 3(1), 7; doi:10.3390/universe3010007

Phenomenological Review on Quark–Gluon Plasma: Concepts vs. Observations

Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, SE-223 62 Lund, Sweden
Nuclear Physics Institute ASCR, 250 68 Řez/Prague, Czech Republic
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 9 January 2017 / Published: 27 January 2017


In this review, we present an up-to-date phenomenological summary of research developments in the physics of the Quark–Gluon Plasma (QGP). A short historical perspective and theoretical motivation for this rapidly developing field of contemporary particle physics is provided. In addition, we introduce and discuss the role of the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) ground state, non-perturbative and lattice QCD results on the QGP properties, as well as the transport models used to make a connection between theory and experiment. The experimental part presents the selected results on bulk observables, hard and penetrating probes obtained in the ultra-relativistic heavy-ion experiments carried out at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (BNL RHIC) and CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) and Large Hadron Collider (LHC) accelerators. We also give a brief overview of new developments related to the ongoing searches of the QCD critical point and to the collectivity in small (p + p and p + A) systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: extreme states of matter; heavy ion collisions; QCD critical point; quark–gluon plasma; saturation phenomena; QCD vacuum extreme states of matter; heavy ion collisions; QCD critical point; quark–gluon plasma; saturation phenomena; QCD vacuum

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Pasechnik, R.; Šumbera, M. Phenomenological Review on Quark–Gluon Plasma: Concepts vs. Observations. Universe 2017, 3, 7.

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