Next Article in Journal
Computational Methods for Metabolomic Data Analysis of Ion Mobility Spectrometry Data—Reviewing the State of the Art
Previous Article in Journal
Differentiating Hepatocellular Carcinoma from Hepatitis C Using Metabolite Profiling
Metabolites 2012, 2(4), 717-732; doi:10.3390/metabo2040717

Influence of the RelA Activity on E. coli Metabolism by Metabolite Profiling of Glucose-Limited Chemostat Cultures

1,* , 2
1 Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering (IBB), Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal 2 Centre for Microbial Innovation, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, 3A Symonds Street, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 August 2012 / Revised: 13 September 2012 / Accepted: 28 September 2012 / Published: 12 October 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [755 KB, uploaded 12 October 2012]   |   Browse Figures


Metabolite profiling of E. coli W3110 and the isogenic DrelA mutant cells was used to characterize the RelA-dependent stringent control of metabolism under different growth conditions. Metabolic profiles were obtained by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis and revealed significant differences between E. coli strains grown at different conditions. Major differences between the two strains were assessed in the levels of amino acids and fatty acids and their precursor metabolites, especially when growing at the lower dilution rates, demonstrating differences in their metabolic behavior. Despite the fatty acid biosynthesis being the most affected due to the lack of the RelA activity, other metabolic pathways involving succinate, lactate and threonine were also affected. Overall, metabolite profiles indicate that under nutrient-limiting conditions the RelA-dependent stringent response may be elicited and promotes key changes in the E. coli metabolism.
Keywords: metabolomics; metabolite profiles; stringent response; relaxed phenotype metabolomics; metabolite profiles; stringent response; relaxed phenotype
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Supplementary material

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Carneiro, S.; Villas-Bôas, S.G.; Ferreira, E.C.; Rocha, I. Influence of the RelA Activity on E. coli Metabolism by Metabolite Profiling of Glucose-Limited Chemostat Cultures. Metabolites 2012, 2, 717-732.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Metabolites EISSN 2218-1989 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert