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Influence of the RelA Activity on E. coli Metabolism by Metabolite Profiling of Glucose-Limited Chemostat Cultures
Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering (IBB), Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
Centre for Microbial Innovation, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, 3A Symonds Street, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 August 2012; in revised form: 13 September 2012 / Accepted: 28 September 2012 / Published: 12 October 2012
Abstract: Metabolite profiling of E. coli W3110 and the isogenic DrelA mutant cells was used to characterize the RelA-dependent stringent control of metabolism under different growth conditions. Metabolic profiles were obtained by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis and revealed significant differences between E. coli strains grown at different conditions. Major differences between the two strains were assessed in the levels of amino acids and fatty acids and their precursor metabolites, especially when growing at the lower dilution rates, demonstrating differences in their metabolic behavior. Despite the fatty acid biosynthesis being the most affected due to the lack of the RelA activity, other metabolic pathways involving succinate, lactate and threonine were also affected. Overall, metabolite profiles indicate that under nutrient-limiting conditions the RelA-dependent stringent response may be elicited and promotes key changes in the E. coli metabolism.
Keywords: metabolomics; metabolite profiles; stringent response; relaxed phenotype
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MDPI and ACS Style
Carneiro, S.; Villas-Bôas, S.G.; Ferreira, E.C.; Rocha, I. Influence of the RelA Activity on E. coli Metabolism by Metabolite Profiling of Glucose-Limited Chemostat Cultures. Metabolites 2012, 2, 717-732.
Carneiro S, Villas-Bôas SG, Ferreira EC, Rocha I. Influence of the RelA Activity on E. coli Metabolism by Metabolite Profiling of Glucose-Limited Chemostat Cultures. Metabolites. 2012; 2(4):717-732.
Carneiro, Sónia; Villas-Bôas, Silas G.; Ferreira, Eugénio C.; Rocha, Isabel. 2012. "Influence of the RelA Activity on E. coli Metabolism by Metabolite Profiling of Glucose-Limited Chemostat Cultures." Metabolites 2, no. 4: 717-732.