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Scientia Pharmaceutica is published by MDPI from Volume 84 Issue 3 (2015). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Austrian Pharmaceutical Society (Österreichische Pharmazeutische Gesellschaft, ÖPhG).
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Sci. Pharm. 2009, 77(4), 791-804; https://doi.org/10.3797/scipharm.0905-14 (registering DOI)

Combined Effect of Green Tea Extract and Vitamin E on Serum and Heart Tissue Lipids, Lipid Metabolizing Enzymes and Histopathological Alteration in Isoproterenol-Induced Myocardial Infarction in Rats

Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The M.S. University of Baroda, Vadodara- 390 001, Gujarat, India
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Received: 15 May 2009 / Accepted: 21 August 2009 / Published: 22 August 2009
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Abstract

The present study investigated the protective effect of green tea and vitamin E combination on serum and heart tissue lipid profile, lipid metabolizing enzymes and histopathological changes in isoproteranol (ISO)-induced myocardial infarction in rats. Adult male albino rats, treated with ISO (200mg/kg, s.c.) for 2 consecutive days at an interval of 24 hrs. showed a significant increase in the levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and free fatty acids (FFA), in both serum and cardiac tissue. A rise in the levels of phospholipids (PL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (VLDL-c) was also observed in the serum of isoproterenol-intoxicated rats. Further, a decrease in the level of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-c) in serum and phospholipid levels, in the heart of isoproterenol-intoxicated rats was observed. Further a significant decrease in the activities of cholesterol ester synthetase (CES) and lecithin: cholesterol acyl transferase (LCAT) was shown whereas lipoprotein lipase (LPL) was found to be increased. Administration of alcoholic extract (60% polyphenols) of green tea (100 mg/kg/day, p.o.) and Vitamin E (DL-α-Tocopherol acetate) (100 mg/kg/day, p.o.) together for 30 consecutive days and challenged with ISO on day 29th and 30th , significantly attenuated these alterations and restored the levels of serum and heart lipids along with lipid metabolizing enzymes. Histopathological observations were also in correlation with the biochemical parameters. These findings indicate the protective effect of green tea and vitamin E in combination during ISO-induced myocardial infarction in rats.
Keywords: Green tea; Lipid profile; Vitamin E; Isoproterenol; Histopathology Green tea; Lipid profile; Vitamin E; Isoproterenol; Histopathology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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UPAGANLAWAR, A.; BALARAMAN, R. Combined Effect of Green Tea Extract and Vitamin E on Serum and Heart Tissue Lipids, Lipid Metabolizing Enzymes and Histopathological Alteration in Isoproterenol-Induced Myocardial Infarction in Rats. Sci. Pharm. 2009, 77, 791-804.

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