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Sci. Pharm. 2009, 77(3), 597-604; doi:10.3797/scipharm.0905-18

Defensive Agents of Blaps femoralis, a Traditional Mongolian Medicinal Insect

1
Max Planck Institute of Chemical Ecology, Hans Knöll Straße 8, 07745, Jena, Germany
2
Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Enkhtaivan Street 51, 13330, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 May 2009 / Accepted: 6 July 2009 / Published: 6 July 2009
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Abstract

Knowledge about therapy with insects in Mongolian traditional medicine is less studied even they have been used broadly since ancient time. Several orthodox practitioners have surveyed the therapeutic potentials of defensive agents in Blaps femoralis known as “stink beetle” in the past. We present results about content of defensive secretion and surface lipids, both a biologically active principle in insect, used in traditional Mongolian medicine. A combination of gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy was used for the identification of several p-benzoquinone derivatives accompanied by straight chain hydrocarbons and fatty acids. None of these compounds has been reported previously from this species. An IR imaging of insect cuticle surface shows the possibility for the analytical characterization of fatty acids in tissue at high lateral resolution of few microns.
Keywords: Blaps femoralis; Traditional Mongolian medicine; Defensive secretion; Benzoquinone derivatives; Surface lipids; IR imaging Blaps femoralis; Traditional Mongolian medicine; Defensive secretion; Benzoquinone derivatives; Surface lipids; IR imaging
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

GUNBILIG, D.; BOLAND, W. Defensive Agents of Blaps femoralis, a Traditional Mongolian Medicinal Insect. Sci. Pharm. 2009, 77, 597-604.

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