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Electronics 2018, 7(2), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics7020017

Power Control for Device-to-Device Communication with a Hybrid Relay Mode in Unequal Transmission Slots

College of Information and Communication Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
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Received: 19 December 2017 / Revised: 19 January 2018 / Accepted: 23 January 2018 / Published: 31 January 2018
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Abstract

Device-to-device (D2D) pairs are allowed to reuse the spectrum of cellular users who are in a good quality channel state with underlaying cellular network. However, cellular users usually suffer a poor performance in term of achievable rate when they are in a cell edge or in deep fading. To solve this problem, a hybrid relay-aided D2D communication scheme with a two-antenna infrastructure and using two unequal transmission slots is proposed in this paper. Different from the pure half-duplex and full-duplex D2D relay work, the hybrid-duplex relay mode that we propose enables the D2D relay to receive and transmit signals at the same time in the first time slot. Thus, it is similar to the full-duplex which could increase the spectrum efficiency. In addition, in the second time slot, the D2D relay will forward only the cellular user’s signals, thus avoiding the transmission of mixed signals which would deteriorate the system performance, similarly to the half-duplex mode. Moreover, by bringing in a slot splitting factor, the relay node in our hybrid-duplex mode is set to guarantee the matching of the transmission rate in two hops. We formulate the problem of maximizing the D2D transmission rate while guaranteeing in priority the minimum rate for the cellular user. By using the method of rate matching and linear programming, we deduce the expression of the slot splitting factor as well as the optimal power allocation for the base station and D2D relay, while guaranteeing the minimum rate requirement for the cellular user in a close form. The simulation results show that the proposed relay-based hybrid-duplex D2D scheme outperforms the existing half-duplex and full-duplex relay-based D2D communication schemes in term of achievable rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid-duplex; device-to-device; relay assistant; slot splitting factor; two-antenna infrastructure hybrid-duplex; device-to-device; relay assistant; slot splitting factor; two-antenna infrastructure
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Dun, H.; Ye, F.; Jiao, S.; Liu, D. Power Control for Device-to-Device Communication with a Hybrid Relay Mode in Unequal Transmission Slots. Electronics 2018, 7, 17.

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