Next Article in Journal
A New Composite Index for Greenhouse Gases: Climate Science Meets Social Science
Next Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Wet Digestion Methods for Quantification of Metal Content in Electronic Scrap Material
Previous Article in Journal
Governance and Risk–Value Constructions in Closing Loops of Rare Earth Elements in Global Value Chains
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Resources 2017, 6(4), 61; doi:10.3390/resources6040061

Analyzing Platinum and Palladium Consumption and Demand Forecast in Japan

1
Tokyo University of Science, Noda 278-8510, Japan
2
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba 305-8560, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 September 2017 / Revised: 14 October 2017 / Accepted: 20 October 2017 / Published: 25 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Mining for Resource Supply)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1207 KB, uploaded 25 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

Platinum and palladium are used in small but essential quantities in a variety of advanced industrial sectors. Platinum and palladium are used as catalysts in various industrial sectors, especially in the car industry. However, their sources are typically concentrated in South Africa and Russia, and there are concerns about supply security. In terms of resource security, it is important to verify domestic platinum and palladium consumption trends and future demand. In order to understand the domestic platinum and palladium consumption trends in Japan, we tracked the historical platinum and palladium consumption structures from 2001 to 2013, applying a bottom-up approach, and illustrated recent domestic platinum and palladium flow by using a substance flow analysis. The results showed that catalytic converters (9.1–12.8 t) and jewelry (5.3–15.5 t) for platinum, and catalytic converters (14.2–20.0 t) and dental use (9.5–16.4 t) for palladium, have marked the biggest consumption sectors during 2001–2013, where the total consumption of platinum and palladium have fluctuated by 18.4–31.6 t for platinum and from 33.0–46.3 t for palladium. We also forecasted the demand for each end-use of both up to the year 2025 using multiple regression analysis. Our results suggest that platinum demand could decrease from 18.9 t in 2013 to 11.9 t in 2025 and palladium demand could slightly decrease from 33.0 t in 2013 to 13.8 t in 2025. View Full-Text
Keywords: platinum; substance flow analysis; consumption; demand forecast platinum; substance flow analysis; consumption; demand forecast
Figures

Figure 1a

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Seo, Y.; Morimoto, S. Analyzing Platinum and Palladium Consumption and Demand Forecast in Japan. Resources 2017, 6, 61.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Resources EISSN 2079-9276 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top