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Resources 2017, 6(1), 8; doi:10.3390/resources6010008

The Impact of Pay-As-You-Throw Schemes on Municipal Solid Waste Management: The Exemplar Case of the County of Aschaffenburg, Germany

1
County of Aschaffenburg, Aschaffenburg D-63739, Germany
2
E3 Environmental Consultants Ltd, Aberdeen AB118DY, UK
3
Institut für Siedlungswasserbau, Wasserguete- und Abfallwirtschaft, Universitaet Stuttgart, Stuttgart D-70569, Germany
4
School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography, Bangor University, Bangor, LL572UW, UK
5
School of Engineering, University of Aberdeen, King’s College, Old Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB243UE, UK
6
BZL Kommunikation und Projektsteuerung GmbH, Oyten D-28876, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Johannes Paul
Received: 2 November 2016 / Revised: 19 January 2017 / Accepted: 23 January 2017 / Published: 8 February 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4381 KB, uploaded 8 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

The “pay-as-you-throw” (PAYT) scheme is an economic instrument for waste management that applies the “polluter pays” principle by charging the inhabitants of municipalities according to the amount of residual, organic, and bulky waste they send for third-party waste management. When combined with well-developed infrastructure to collect the different waste fractions (residual waste, paper and cardboard, plastics, bio waste, green cuttings, and many recyclables) as well as with a good level of citizens’ awareness, its performance has frequently been linked to an increase in the collection rates of recyclables. However, the establishment and operation of PAYT systems can require significant resource inputs from municipalities. In this paper, PAYT is analysed through a case study from the German County of Aschaffenburg, covering nearly 20 years of implementation across 32 municipalities with 173,000 inhabitants. Key performance indicators include temporal trends in the county’s recyclables collection rate, waste treatment fees for residents, and municipal waste management costs, benchmarked against German municipalities not implementing PAYT. We conclude that PAYT could make an important contribution towards material reuse and recycling objectives for the new circular economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste management; economic instruments; Pay-As-You-Throw; municipal solid waste; recycling; environmental management; awareness raising waste management; economic instruments; Pay-As-You-Throw; municipal solid waste; recycling; environmental management; awareness raising
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Morlok, J.; Schoenberger, H.; Styles, D.; Galvez-Martos, J.-L.; Zeschmar-Lahl, B. The Impact of Pay-As-You-Throw Schemes on Municipal Solid Waste Management: The Exemplar Case of the County of Aschaffenburg, Germany. Resources 2017, 6, 8.

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