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Resources 2017, 6(1), 12; doi:10.3390/resources6010012

Feasibility of Biomass Briquette Production from Municipal Waste Streams by Integrating the Informal Sector in the Philippines

1
College of Agriculture, Resources and Environmental Sciences, Central Philippine University, Jaro, Iloilo City 5000, Philippines
2
Biotechnology in Resources Management, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Coudraystr. 7, Weimar 99423, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pay Drechsel
Received: 3 January 2017 / Revised: 17 February 2017 / Accepted: 19 February 2017 / Published: 24 February 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2569 KB, uploaded 24 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

A technical and socio-economic feasibility study of biomass briquette production was performed in Iloilo City, Philippines, by integrating a registered group of the informal sector. The study has shown that the simulated production of biomass briquettes obtained from the municipal waste stream could lead to a feasible on-site fuel production line after determining its usability, quality and applicability to the would-be users. The technology utilized for briquetting is not complicated when operated due to its simple, yet sturdy design with suggestive results in terms of production rate, bulk density and heating value of the briquettes produced. Quality briquettes were created from mixtures of waste paper, sawdust and carbonized rice husk, making these material flows a renewable source of cost-effective fuels. An informal sector that would venture into briquette production can be considered profitable for small business enterprising, as demonstrated in the study. The informal sector from other parts of the world, having similar conditionality with that of the Uswag Calajunan Livelihood Association, Inc. (UCLA), could play a significant role in the recovery of these reusable waste materials from the waste stream and can add value to them as alternative fuels and raw materials (AFR) for household energy supply using appropriate technologies. View Full-Text
Keywords: feasibility; cost recovery; biomass; AFR; briquette production; briquettes; informal sector; municipal wastes feasibility; cost recovery; biomass; AFR; briquette production; briquettes; informal sector; municipal wastes
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Romallosa, A.R.D.; Kraft, E. Feasibility of Biomass Briquette Production from Municipal Waste Streams by Integrating the Informal Sector in the Philippines. Resources 2017, 6, 12.

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