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Resources 2016, 5(4), 42; doi:10.3390/resources5040042

Multi-Criteria Evaluation of End-of-Life Vehicles’ Dismantling Scenarios with Respect to Technical Performance and Sustainability Issues

1
Société GAIA Conseils, Quincieux 69650, France
2
Mines Saint-Etienne, LIMOS UMR CNRS 6158, 158 Cours Fauriel, Saint-Etienne 42023, France
3
INSAVALOR, Division PROVADEMSE, Villeurbanne Cedex 69603, France
4
Univ Lyon, INSA Lyon, DEEP, 20 Avenue A. Einstein, Villeurbanne CEDEX 69621, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xianlai Zeng
Received: 9 September 2016 / Revised: 25 November 2016 / Accepted: 28 November 2016 / Published: 6 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1406 KB, uploaded 6 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Three scenarios of dismantling and shredding operations of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) were compared in this study with respect to technical and sustainability criteria, according to the level of dismantling applied to the vehicles. The scenarios differed from each other in the extent of the dismantling operations. They were implemented experimentally at the industrial scale on representative samples of 120 vehicles. The data collected from the monitoring of the experimental campaigns were used as feed data for the multi-criteria analysis of the scenarios using the PROMETHEE method. Nine criteria of evaluation were selected, namely global warming, local environmental impacts, tropospheric ozone production, ecotoxicity, operational costs, investment costs, occupational risks, employability, and technical performance. The medium-level dismantling scenario was identified as the best scenario with respect to the criteria of evaluation. This scenario included the steps of depollution, followed by the removal of easily accessible and identifiable plastics and glasses. Reasonable changes in the ponderation of the evaluation criteria did not significantly affect the ranking. View Full-Text
Keywords: end-of-life vehicles (ELVs); dismantling; shredding; reuse; recovery; recycling; multi-criteria analysis; sustainability end-of-life vehicles (ELVs); dismantling; shredding; reuse; recovery; recycling; multi-criteria analysis; sustainability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schmid, A.; Batton-Hubert, M.; Naquin, P.; Gourdon, R. Multi-Criteria Evaluation of End-of-Life Vehicles’ Dismantling Scenarios with Respect to Technical Performance and Sustainability Issues. Resources 2016, 5, 42.

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