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Resources 2014, 3(4), 636-656; doi:10.3390/resources3040636

The Multiple Functions and Services of Community Seedbanks

1
Bioversity International, Via dei Tre Denari 472/a, Maccarese 00057, Italy
2
Bioversity International, 93.4 Dharahara Marg, Fulbari, Ward #11Pokhara, Nepal
3
Bioversity International, c/o CIAT, km 17 Recta Cali-Palmira, Cali, Colombia
4
LI-BIRD, P.O. Box 324, Pokhara, Kaski, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 June 2014 / Revised: 20 October 2014 / Accepted: 13 November 2014 / Published: 25 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Equitable and Sustainable Use of Genetic Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [233 KB, uploaded 25 November 2014]

Abstract

Although community-level seed-saving initiatives have existed in many countries around the world for about 30 years, they have rarely been the subject of systematic scientific enquiry. Based on a combination of a literature review and field research, we present a novel comprehensive conceptual framework that focuses on the multiple functions and services provided by community-based seed-saving efforts, in particular community seed banks. This framework is output oriented and complements an input oriented typology of community seed banks presented in 1997. The framework identifies three core functions: conserving genetic resources; enhancing access to and availability of diverse local crops; and ensuring seed and food sovereignty. The framework can be used for analysis of existing seed-saving initiatives and serve as a guide for the establishment of new community seed banks. In addition, it can inform the development or revision of national policies or strategies to support community seed banks. The framework’s utility is illustrated by three case studies of community seed banks in Bangladesh, Guatemala and Nepal. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural biodiversity; conservation of biodiversity; plant genetic resources; community seed banks; farmers’ rights; food sovereignty; seed sovereignty; Bangladesh; Guatemala; Nepal agricultural biodiversity; conservation of biodiversity; plant genetic resources; community seed banks; farmers’ rights; food sovereignty; seed sovereignty; Bangladesh; Guatemala; Nepal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vernooy, R.; Sthapit, B.; Galluzzi, G.; Shrestha, P. The Multiple Functions and Services of Community Seedbanks. Resources 2014, 3, 636-656.

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