Resource Use in the Production and Consumption System—The MIPS Approach
AbstractThe concept Material Input per Service Unit (MIPS) was developed 20 years ago as a measure for the overall natural resource use of products and services. The material intensity analysis is used to calculate the material footprint of any economic activities in production and consumption. Environmental assessment has developed extensive databases for life cycle inventories, which can additionally be adopted for material intensity analysis. Based on practical experience in measuring material footprints on the micro level, this paper presents the current state of research and methodology development: it shows the international discussions on the importance of accounting methodologies to measure progress in resource efficiency. The MIPS approach is presented and its micro level application for assessing value chains, supporting business management, and operationalizing sustainability strategies is discussed. Linkages to output-oriented Life Cycle Assessment as well as to Material Flow Analysis (MFA) at the macro level are pointed out. Finally we come to the conclusion that the MIPS approach provides relevant knowledge on resource and energy input at the micro level for fact-based decision-making in science, policy, business, and consumption. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Liedtke, C.; Bienge, K.; Wiesen, K.; Teubler, J.; Greiff, K.; Lettenmeier, M.; Rohn, H. Resource Use in the Production and Consumption System—The MIPS Approach. Resources 2014, 3, 544-574.
Liedtke C, Bienge K, Wiesen K, Teubler J, Greiff K, Lettenmeier M, Rohn H. Resource Use in the Production and Consumption System—The MIPS Approach. Resources. 2014; 3(3):544-574.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liedtke, Christa; Bienge, Katrin; Wiesen, Klaus; Teubler, Jens; Greiff, Kathrin; Lettenmeier, Michael; Rohn, Holger. 2014. "Resource Use in the Production and Consumption System—The MIPS Approach." Resources 3, no. 3: 544-574.