Resources 2013, 2(4), 504-516; doi:10.3390/resources2040504
Article

Resource Use of Wind Farms in the German North Sea—The Example of Alpha Ventus and Bard Offshore I

1 Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, Döppersberg 19, Wuppertal 42103, Germany 2 Trifolium—Beratungsgesellschaft mbH, Alte Bahnhofstraße 13, Friedberg 61169, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 July 2013; in revised form: 3 September 2013 / Accepted: 16 September 2013 / Published: 7 October 2013
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Abstract: The German government aims to obtain at least 40 percent of its electricity from renewable sources by 2030. One of the central steps to reach this target is the construction of deep sea offshore wind farms. The paper presents a material intensity analysis of the offshore wind farms “Alpha Ventus” and “Bard Offshore I” under consideration of the grid connection. An additional onshore scenario is considered for comparison. The results show that offshore wind farms have higher resource consumption than onshore farms. In general, and in respect to the resource use of other energy systems, both can be tagged as resource efficient.
Keywords: resource efficiency; resource use; material input per service (MIPS); wind energy; grid connection

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wiesen, K.; Teubler, J.; Rohn, H. Resource Use of Wind Farms in the German North Sea—The Example of Alpha Ventus and Bard Offshore I. Resources 2013, 2, 504-516.

AMA Style

Wiesen K, Teubler J, Rohn H. Resource Use of Wind Farms in the German North Sea—The Example of Alpha Ventus and Bard Offshore I. Resources. 2013; 2(4):504-516.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wiesen, Klaus; Teubler, Jens; Rohn, Holger. 2013. "Resource Use of Wind Farms in the German North Sea—The Example of Alpha Ventus and Bard Offshore I." Resources 2, no. 4: 504-516.

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