Next Article in Journal
A Hierarchical Aggregation Approach for Indicators Based on Data Envelopment Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process
Next Article in Special Issue
“Space, the Final Frontier”: How Good are Agent-Based Models at Simulating Individuals and Space in Cities?
Previous Article in Journal
Modeling Dynamic Decision-Making of Virtual Humans
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Modular Modelling Framework for Hypotheses Testing in the Simulation of Urbanisation
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Systems 2016, 4(1), 5; doi:10.3390/systems4010005

Exploring Intra-Urban Accessibility and Impacts of Pollution Policies with an Agent-Based Simulation Platform: GaMiroD

1
UMR 8504 Géographie-cités, CNRS, Universities of Paris 1 and Paris 7, Paris 75006 France
2
PACTE UMR 5194 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, PACTE, Grenoble F-38000, France
3
DISC/FEMTO-ST, Université de Franche Comté, 16 route de Gray, Besançon 25000, France
4
UMI 209 UMMISCO, IRD–UPMC, 32 Avenue Henri Varagnat, Bondy 93143, France
5
Laboratoire Image, Ville, Environnement–UMR 7362, CNRS/Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg 67083, France
6
Laboratoire Aménagement Économie Transports (UMR 5593), ENTPE, Université de Lyon, Rue Maurice Audin, 69518 Vaulx-en-Velin cedex, France
7
UMR6049 du CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UFR Sciences humaines, 2 Boulevard Gabriel, Dijon 21000, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Koen H. van Dam and Rémy Courdier
Received: 23 November 2015 / Revised: 31 December 2015 / Accepted: 12 January 2016 / Published: 18 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agent-Based Modelling of City Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6911 KB, uploaded 15 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

In this work we address the issue of sustainable cities by focusing on one of their very central components: daily mobility. Indeed, if cities can be interpreted as spatial organizations allowing social interactions, the number of daily movements needed to reach this goal is continuously increasing. Therefore, improving urban accessibility merely results in increasing traffic and its negative externalities (congestion, accidents, pollution, noise, etc.), while eventually reducing the quality of life of people in the city. This is why several urban-transport policies are implemented in order to reduce individual mobility impacts while maintaining equitable access to the city. This challenge is however non-trivial and therefore we propose to investigate this issue from the complex systems point of view. The real spatial-temporal urban accessibility of citizens cannot be approximated just by focusing on space and implies taking into account the space-time activity patterns of individuals, in a more dynamic way. Thus, given the importance of local interactions in such a perspective, an agent based approach seems to be a relevant solution. This kind of individual based and “interactionist” approach allows us to explore the possible impact of individual behaviors on the overall dynamics of the city but also the possible impact of global measures on individual behaviors. In this paper, we give an overview of the Miro Project and then focus on the GaMiroD model design from real data analysis to model exploration tuned by transportation-oriented scenarios. Among them, we start with the the impact of a LEZ (Low Emission Zone) in the city center. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable city; large scale simulation; multi-agent system; low emission zone; urban daily dynamic sustainable city; large scale simulation; multi-agent system; low emission zone; urban daily dynamic
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Fosset, P.; Banos, A.; Beck, E.; Chardonnel, S.; Lang, C.; Marilleau, N.; Piombini, A.; Leysens, T.; Conesa, A.; Andre-Poyaud, I.; Thevenin, T. Exploring Intra-Urban Accessibility and Impacts of Pollution Policies with an Agent-Based Simulation Platform: GaMiroD. Systems 2016, 4, 5.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Systems EISSN 2079-8954 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top