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Systems 2016, 4(1), 13;

Non-Conscious vs. Deliberate Dynamic Decision-Making—A Pilot Experiment

Institute for Management Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen 6500 HK, The Netherlands
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jim Duggan
Received: 28 September 2015 / Revised: 2 February 2016 / Accepted: 17 February 2016 / Published: 24 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dynamic Decision Making in Controlled Experiments)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1279 KB, uploaded 24 February 2016]   |  


The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of non-conscious vs. deliberate ways of making decisions in a dynamic decision-making task. An experimental setting is used to study this question; three experimental groups are distinguished: immediate decision-making (only very limited time for deliberate cognitive processing), considerate decision-making (relatively long time for deliberate cognitive processing), and distracted decision-making (time for non-conscious cognitive processing only). As experimental stimulus, a simulator based on the Kaibab Plateau model was employed. With a sample size of more than 100 experimental participants, group differences are not significant for most data examined. Implications comprise the formulation of a framework to guide further research. The value of this paper lies in the fact that it connects to a recent discussion in psychology and transfers it to a domain in the core interest of the system community: decision-making in situations with dynamic complexity. Furthermore, it offers a range of improvement points for potential follow-up studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: dynamic decision-making; non-conscious cognitive processing; dynamic complexity; experiment; exploratory study dynamic decision-making; non-conscious cognitive processing; dynamic complexity; experiment; exploratory study

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Größler, A.; Rouwette, E.; Vennix, J. Non-Conscious vs. Deliberate Dynamic Decision-Making—A Pilot Experiment. Systems 2016, 4, 13.

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