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Systems 2016, 4(1), 12; doi:10.3390/systems4010012

Accounting Treatment for Carbon Emission Rights

Multidisciplinary Institute for Enterprise (IME), University of Salamanca, Salamanca 37008, Spain
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Academic Editors: Ralf Isenmann and Jorge Marx Gómez
Received: 1 December 2015 / Accepted: 2 February 2016 / Published: 6 February 2016
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Abstract

In light of the growing demand for sustainable behavior and the special interest that has emerged regarding the social and environmental impact of firms, the purpose of this research is to analyze the determinants of the accounting treatment of emission rights. To achieve that purpose, we use a sample composed of 119 firms worldwide from different countries and activity sectors for the period 2011. Our findings show different accounting treatments depending on a series of factors. Specifically, firms pertaining to countries that have adopted Environmental Trading Schemes (ETS) tend to account for emission rights through provisions, investments, or as inventory. For their part, firms that issue indicators that appear in the report drawn up by KPMG and GRI (2007) tend to account for these entries as expenses, especially as R + D expenses. Finally, firms located in countries that signed the Kyoto protocol have a tendency to not account for carbon emission rights. The findings of this work can be considered of great interest on the international level because our research contributes to the scant previous literature regarding the accounting treatment of emission rights. View Full-Text
Keywords: emission rights; accounting treatment; emission trading scheme; sustainability; Kyoto Protocol emission rights; accounting treatment; emission trading scheme; sustainability; Kyoto Protocol
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gallego-Alvarez, I.; Martínez-Ferrero, J.; Cuadrado-Ballesteros, B. Accounting Treatment for Carbon Emission Rights. Systems 2016, 4, 12.

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