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Systems 2015, 3(4), 177-210; doi:10.3390/systems3040177

Simulating Transport and Land Use Interdependencies for Strategic Urban Planning—An Agent Based Modelling Approach

SMART Infrastructure Facility, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
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Academic Editors: Koen H. van Dam and Rémy Courdier
Received: 31 May 2015 / Revised: 21 August 2015 / Accepted: 23 September 2015 / Published: 1 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agent-Based Modelling of City Systems)

Abstract

Agent based modelling has been widely accepted as a promising tool for urban planning purposes thanks to its capability to provide sophisticated insights into the social behaviours and the interdependencies that characterise urban systems. In this paper, we report on an agent based model, called TransMob, which explicitly simulates the mutual dynamics between demographic evolution, transport demands, housing needs and the eventual change in the average satisfaction of the residents of an urban area. The ability to reproduce such dynamics is a unique feature that has not been found in many of the like agent based models in the literature. TransMob, is constituted by six major modules: synthetic population, perceived liveability, travel diary assignment, traffic micro-simulator, residential location choice, and travel mode choice. TransMob is used to simulate the dynamics of a metropolitan area in South East of Sydney, Australia, in 2006 and 2011, with demographic evolution. The results are favourably compared against survey data for the area in 2011, therefore validating the capability of TransMob to reproduce the observed complexity of an urban area. We also report on the application of TransMob to simulate various hypothetical scenarios of urban planning policies. We conclude with discussions on current limitations of TransMob, which serve as suggestions for future developments. View Full-Text
Keywords: agent based modelling; urban planning; residential mobility; transport demand; traffic micro-simulator agent based modelling; urban planning; residential mobility; transport demand; traffic micro-simulator
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huynh, N.; Perez, P.; Berryman, M.; Barthélemy, J. Simulating Transport and Land Use Interdependencies for Strategic Urban Planning—An Agent Based Modelling Approach. Systems 2015, 3, 177-210.

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