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BRCA1 and Its Network of Interacting Partners
Department of Electron Microscopy/Molecular Pathology, Cyprus School of Molecular Medicine, The Cyprus Institute of Neurology and Genetics, 6 International Airport Avenue, P.O. Box 23462, 1683 Nicosia, Cyprus
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2012; in revised form: 26 November 2012 / Accepted: 20 December 2012 / Published: 2 January 2013
Abstract: BRCA1 is a large multi-domain protein with a pivotal role in maintaining genome stability and cell cycle progression. Germline mutations in the BRCA1 gene confer an estimated lifetime risk of 60%–80% for breast cancer and 15%–60% for ovarian cancer. Many of the germline mutations associated with cancer development are concentrated in the amino terminal RING domain and the carboxyl terminal BRCT motifs of BRCA1, which are the most well-characterized regions of the protein. The function of BRCA1 in DNA repair, transcription and cell cycle control through the DNA damage response is orchestrated through its association with an impressive repertoire of protein complexes. The association of BRCA1 with ATM/ATR, CHK2 and Aurora A protein kinases regulates cell cycle progression, whilst its association with RAD51 has a direct impact on the repair of double strand DNA breaks (DSBs) by homologous recombination (HR). BRCA1 interactions with the MRN complex of proteins, with the BRCC complex of proteins that exhibit E3 ligase activity and with the phosphor proteins CtIP, BACH1 (BRIP1) and Abraxas (CCDC98) are also implicated in DNA repair mechanisms and cell cycle checkpoint control. BRCA1 through its association with specific proteins and multi-protein complexes is a sentinel of the normal cell cycle control and DNA repair.
Keywords: BRCA1; DNA repair damage response; HR; cell cycle checkpoint regulation; phosphorylation; E3 ligase; ubiquitination
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Christou, C.M.; Kyriacou, K. BRCA1 and Its Network of Interacting Partners. Biology 2013, 2, 40-63.
Christou CM, Kyriacou K. BRCA1 and Its Network of Interacting Partners. Biology. 2013; 2(1):40-63.
Christou, Charita M.; Kyriacou, Kyriacos. 2013. "BRCA1 and Its Network of Interacting Partners." Biology 2, no. 1: 40-63.