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Fibers 2018, 6(3), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib6030049

Multiscale Frictional Properties of Cotton Fibers: A Review

Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
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Received: 3 May 2018 / Revised: 29 June 2018 / Accepted: 9 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
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Abstract

This review discusses the important concept of cotton fiber friction at both the macro- and nanoscale. First, the technological importance of fiber friction and its role in fiber breakage during fiber processing is discussed. Next, previous studies on frictional properties of cotton fibers are reviewed and different experimental procedures to measure friction between fibers or against another surface are evaluated. Friction models developed to explain friction process during various experimental procedures are considered and their limitations are discussed. Since interpretation of friction processes at the macroscale can be challenging (mainly due to difficulties in analyzing the multiple asperities in contact), a separate section is devoted to surveying studies on the emerging field of single-asperity friction experiments with atomic force microscope (AFM). Special attention is given to studies on nanoscale frictional characteristics of rough viscoelastic surfaces (e.g., plant cuticular biopolymers and cotton fibers). Due to the close relationship between friction and adhesion hysteresis at the nanoscale, adhesion studies with AFM on viscoelastic surfaces are also reviewed. Lastly, recommendations are made for future research in the field of frictional properties of cotton fibers. View Full-Text
Keywords: cotton fiber; lint cleaner; fiber friction; nanoscale friction; adhesion cotton fiber; lint cleaner; fiber friction; nanoscale friction; adhesion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Hosseinali, F.; Thomasson, J.A. Multiscale Frictional Properties of Cotton Fibers: A Review. Fibers 2018, 6, 49.

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