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Fibers 2016, 4(3), 21; doi:10.3390/fib4030021

Elucidating the Potential Biological Impact of Cellulose Nanocrystals

1
Adolphe Merkle Institute, University of Fribourg, Chemin des Verdiers 4, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
2
Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN), Cnr College Rd & Cooper Rd., Building 75, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
3
Department of Chemistry, University of Fribourg, Chemin des Musee 9, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
4
Swansea University Medical School, Singleton Park Campus Swansea, Wales SA2 8PP, UK
5
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Virginia Tech Center for Sustainable Nanotechnology (VTSuN), Macromolecules Innovation Institute (MII), Virginia Tech, 445 Old Turner Street, 213 Holden Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
These authors contributed equally.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stephen C. Bondy
Received: 3 May 2016 / Accepted: 20 June 2016 / Published: 8 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanofibres: Friend or Foe?)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [608 KB, uploaded 8 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Cellulose nanocrystals exhibit an interesting combination of mechanical properties and physical characteristics, which make them potentially useful for a wide range of consumer applications. However, as the usage of these bio-based nanofibers increases, a greater understanding of human exposure addressing their potential health issues should be gained. The aim of this perspective is to highlight how knowledge obtained from studying the biological impact of other nanomaterials can provide a basis for future research strategies to deduce the possible human health risks posed by cellulose nanocrystals. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocellulose; nanomaterial; human health effects; risk; exposure; hazard; characterisation; testing strategies; cellulose nanocrystals nanocellulose; nanomaterial; human health effects; risk; exposure; hazard; characterisation; testing strategies; cellulose nanocrystals
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Camarero-Espinosa, S.; Endes, C.; Mueller, S.; Petri-Fink, A.; Rothen-Rutishauser, B.; Weder, C.; Clift, M.J.D.; Foster, E.J. Elucidating the Potential Biological Impact of Cellulose Nanocrystals. Fibers 2016, 4, 21.

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