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Comparative Evaluation of Physical and Structural Properties of Water Retted and Non-retted Flax Fibers
Department of Bioresource Engineering, McGill University, 21111 Rue Lakeshore, Quebec, H9X 3V9, Canada
Institute of natural fibers and medicinal plants, ul. Wojska Polskiego 71b, PL 60630 Poznan, Poland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 September 2013; in revised form: 16 October 2013 / Accepted: 21 October 2013 / Published: 23 October 2013
Abstract: Flax stems of Modran variety were subjected to water retting under laboratory conditions and its physical properties were compared with non-retted fibers. Physical properties including percentage of impurities, weighted average length, linear density, tenacity and elongation were analyzed and the results were compared. The analysis of retted and non-retted flax fibers showed that retting is the most important step in the processing of flax fibers and it directly affects quality attributes like strength, fineness, and homogeneity. Scanning Electron microscope images of fibers were also analyzed and the retted fibers showed much cleaner surface when compared to decorticated non-retted fibers.
Keywords: flax; water retting; linear density; tenacity
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MDPI and ACS Style
Nair, G.R.; Singh, A.; Zimniewska, M.; Raghavan, V. Comparative Evaluation of Physical and Structural Properties of Water Retted and Non-retted Flax Fibers. Fibers 2013, 1, 59-69.
Nair GR, Singh A, Zimniewska M, Raghavan V. Comparative Evaluation of Physical and Structural Properties of Water Retted and Non-retted Flax Fibers. Fibers. 2013; 1(3):59-69.
Nair, Gopu R.; Singh, Ashutosh; Zimniewska, Malgorzata; Raghavan, Vijaya. 2013. "Comparative Evaluation of Physical and Structural Properties of Water Retted and Non-retted Flax Fibers." Fibers 1, no. 3: 59-69.