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Preliminary Investigations into the Development of Textile Based Temperature Sensor for Healthcare Applications
Department of Textile Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, University Road 75270, Karachi, Pakistan
School of Materials, University of Manchester, Manchester, M60 1QD, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 January 2013; in revised form: 18 March 2013 / Accepted: 17 April 2013 / Published: 25 April 2013
Abstract: Human body temperature is an important sign of physical condition in terms of comfort, heat or cold stresses, and of performance. This paper presents the preliminary investigation into the design, manufacturing and testing of the textile based temperature sensor. This sensing fabric may be employed to measure the temperature of the human body on a continuous basis over extensive periods of time, outside the clinical environment. The sensing fabric was manufactured on an industrial scale flat-bed knitting machine by laying-in the sensing element (in the form of fine metal wire) into the double layer knitted structure. The operational principle of the sensing fabric is based on the inherent tendency of metal wire to change in its electrical resistance because of the change in its temperature. An experimental resistance-temperature relationship showed promising validation in comparison with their modeled counterparts.
Keywords: temperature sensor; conductive textiles; industrial knitting machine; temperature-resistance; resistance thermometers; human body temperature
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MDPI and ACS Style
Husain, M.D.; Kennon, R. Preliminary Investigations into the Development of Textile Based Temperature Sensor for Healthcare Applications. Fibers 2013, 1, 2-10.
Husain MD, Kennon R. Preliminary Investigations into the Development of Textile Based Temperature Sensor for Healthcare Applications. Fibers. 2013; 1(1):2-10.
Husain, Muhammad D.; Kennon, Richard. 2013. "Preliminary Investigations into the Development of Textile Based Temperature Sensor for Healthcare Applications." Fibers 1, no. 1: 2-10.