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Coatings 2018, 8(2), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings8020046

Effect of Laser Remelting Power on Immersion Corrosion of Amorphous Al–Ti–Ni Coatings

1
College of Mechanical Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China
2
Changzhou Key Laboratory of Advanced Mould Manufacturing Technology, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 November 2017 / Revised: 18 January 2018 / Accepted: 22 January 2018 / Published: 25 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Surface Treatment)
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Abstract

An arc-sprayed amorphous Al–Ti–Ni coating on S355 structural steel was processed by laser remelting (LR) at powers of 600, 800, and 1000 W. The surface-cross-sectional morphologies, chemical element distributions, and phase compositions of the as-obtained Al–Ti–Ni coatings were analyzed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy-dispersive spectrometer (EDS), and X-ray diffractometer (XRD), respectively. The immersion corrosion tests of Al–Ti–Ni coatings in 3.5% NaCl solution for 720 h were performed to investigate the effects of LR power on their immersion corrosion behaviors. The test results show that the amorphous Al–Ti–Ni coatings form good metallurgical bonding with the substrate after LR. The AlNi, Al3Ti, Al3Ni2, Ti3O5, and Al2O3 amorphous phases are detected in the Al–Ti–Ni coatings after LR. The corrosion potentials of Al–Ti–Ni coatings after LR show a positive shift relative to that of S355 steel, implying that the corrosion resistance of Al–Ti–Ni coatings was superior to that of S355 steel. A dense protective Al2O3 film is formed on the Al–Ti–Ni coating surface at an LR power of 1000 W, at which power the highest corrosion potential of −0.233 V is observed. The corrosion mechanisms of Al–Ti–Ni coating at the LR power of 1000 W are uniform corrosion and pitting corrosion, while those of Al–Ti–Ni coatings at the LR powers of 600 and 800 W are localized corrosion and pitting corrosion. The corrosion resistance of Al–Ti–Ni coating with the LR power of 1000 W is better than those at the LR powers of 600 and 800 W, effectively improving the corrosion resistance of S355 steel. View Full-Text
Keywords: arc spraying; laser remelting (LR); Al–Ti–Ni coating; immersion corrosion; electrochemical corrosion arc spraying; laser remelting (LR); Al–Ti–Ni coating; immersion corrosion; electrochemical corrosion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, H.; Kong, D. Effect of Laser Remelting Power on Immersion Corrosion of Amorphous Al–Ti–Ni Coatings. Coatings 2018, 8, 46.

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