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Coatings 2017, 7(5), 66; doi:10.3390/coatings7050066

Fatigue and Healing Properties of Low Environmental Impact Rubberized Bitumen for Asphalt Pavement

Nottingham Transportation Engineering Centre, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
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Academic Editors: Andrea Simone and Claudio Lantieri
Received: 21 March 2017 / Revised: 16 April 2017 / Accepted: 29 April 2017 / Published: 5 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low Environmental Impact Coatings for Road Pavements)
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Abstract

The addition of recycled tyre rubber as a modifier to enhance the mechanical properties of bitumen has proven to provide asphalt mixtures with better mechanical performance. However the rubberised bitumen presents the limitation of requiring higher manufacturing and compaction temperatures. This could be solved by subjecting the tyre rubber to sort of pre-treatments such as: Adding warm-mix additives and/or using partial devulcanisation. These solutions have the potential of lowering the overall environmental impact of the asphalt pavement, however it is still not clear whether these can be detrimental for the rubberized asphalt binder mechanical properties. This paper investigates the effect on fatigue and healing properties of rubberized bitumen blended with pre-treated crumb rubber. An innovative combined fatigue and healing analysis will be presented and used to compare the several rubberised binders with a neat bitumen. The analysis consists in conducting time sweep tests by means of dynamic shear rheometer, by applying repeated cycles of stress or strain loading at selected temperatures and loading frequency. The healing potential of binders was evaluated by introducing short rest periods after a certain number of load pulses. At last, the unique energy parameter obtained using the Ratio of Dissipated Energy Change approach, was applied to obtain a unique index that could provide combined information for both fatigue binder damage and healing phenomenon. The results showed that the analysed rubberised bitumens show having better fatigue and healing performance when compared to the straight-run bitumen. View Full-Text
Keywords: rubberised bitumen; pre-treated crumb rubber; fatigue; healing rubberised bitumen; pre-treated crumb rubber; fatigue; healing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Subhy, A.; Lo Presti, D. Fatigue and Healing Properties of Low Environmental Impact Rubberized Bitumen for Asphalt Pavement. Coatings 2017, 7, 66.

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